Jupyter notebooks are an excellent resource for interactive development and data analysis using Python, R, and other languages. Jupyter notebooks can contain live code, equations, visualizations, and explanatory text which provide an integrated enviornment to use, learn, and teach interactive data analysis.
CU Research Computing (CURC) operates a JupyterHub server that enables users to run Jupyter notebooks on Summit or Blanca for serial (single core) and shared-memory parallel (single node) workflows. The CURC JupyterHub uses the next-generation JupyterLab user interface. The CURC JupyterHub runs atop of Anaconda. Additional documentation on the CURC Anaconda distribution is available and may be a good pre-requisite for the following documentation outlining use of the CURC JupyterHub.
Step 1: Log in to CURC JupyterHub¶
Step 2: Start a notebook server¶
To start a notebook server, select one of the available options in the Select job profile menu under Spawner Options and click Spawn. Available options are:
- Summit interactive (12hr) (a 12-hour, 1 core job on a Summit “shas” node)
- Summit Haswell (1 node, 12hr) (a 12-hour, 24 core job on a Summit “shas” node)
- Blanca (12hr) (A 12-hour, 1 core job on your default Blanca partition; only available to Blanca users)
- Blanca CSDMS (12hr) (A 12-hour, 1 core job on the Blanca CSDMS partition; only available to Blanca CSDMS users)
Note: The “Summit interactive (12hr)” option spawns a 1-core job to an oversubscribed partition on Summit called “shas-interactive”. This partition is intended to provide “instant” access to computing resources for JupyterHub users. The caveat is that 1) users may only run one “shas-interactive” job at a time, and 2) “shas-interactive” jobs only have 1 core and 1.2 GB of memory allocated to them. Therefore, this option works well for light work such as interactive code development and small processing tasks, but jobs may crash if large files are ingested or memory-intensive computing is conducted. If this is your case, please consider submitting your workflow va batch job on Summit, or try the “Summit Haswell (1 node, 12hr)” option (queue waits will be longer for this option). Dask users should either submit their workflows via a batch job on Summit, or use the “Summit Haswell (1 node, 12hr)” option because this provides 24-cores to the Dask array. Using “shas-interactive” for Dask jobs would only provide one core to the Dask array, negating its utility).
The server will take a few moments to start. When it does, you will be taken to the Jupyter home screen, which will show the contents of your CURC
/home directory in the left menu bar. In the main work area on the right hand side you will see the “Launcher” and any other tabs you may have open from previous sessions.
Step 4: Shut down a Notebook Server¶
Go to the “File” menu at the top and choose “Hub Control Panel”. Use the
Stop My Server button in the
Control Panel to shut down the Jupyter notebook server when finished (this cancels the job you are running on Summit or Blanca). You also have the option to restart a server if desired (for example, if you want to change from a “Summit Interactive” to a “Summit Haswell” server).
Alternately, you can use the
Quit button from the Jupyter home page to shut down the Jupyter notebook server.
Logout button will log you out of CURC JupyterHub. It will not shut down your notebook server if one happens to be running.
Creating your own custom Jupyter kernels¶
The CURC JupyterHub runs on top of the CURC Anaconda distribution. Anaconda is an open-source python and R distribution that uses the conda package manager to easily install software and packages. Software and associated Jupyter kernels other than python and R can also be installed using conda. The following steps describe how to create your own custom Anaconda environments and associated Jupyter kernels for use on RC JupyterHub.
Follow these steps from a terminal session. You can get a new terminal session directly from Jupyter using
1. Configure your conda settings¶
Follow our Anaconda documentation for steps on configuring your conda settings via ~.condarc.
2. Activate the CURC Anaconda environment¶
[johndoe@shas0137 ~]$ source /curc/sw/anaconda3/latest
You will know that you have properly activated the environment because you should see
(base) in front of your prompt. E.g.:
(base) [johndoe@shas0137 ~]$
3. Create a new custom environment.¶
Follow our Anaconda documentation for steps on creating your own custom conda environment.
4. Activate your new environment¶
(base) [johndoe@shas0137 ~]$ conda activate mycustomenv
(Note: we assume here that you’ve named your environment mycustomenv; please replace mycustomenv with whatever name you gave your environment!)
5. Create your own custom kernel, which will enable you to use this environment in CURC Jupyterhub:¶
(mycustomenv) [johndoe@shas0137 ~]$ conda install -y ipykernel (mycustomenv) [johndoe@shas0137 ~]$ python -m ipykernel install --user --name mycustomenv --display-name mycustomenv
The first command will install the ipykernel package if not installed already. The second command will create a kernel with the name mycustomenv with the Jupyter display name mycustomenv (note that the name and display-name are not required to match the environment name – call them anything you want). By specifying the
--user flag, the kernel will be in
/home/$USER/.local/share/jupyter/kernels (a directory that is in the default JUPYTER_PATH) and will ensure your new kernel is available to you the next time you use CURC JupyterHub.
- If you have already installed your own version of Anaconda or Miniconda, it is possible to create Jupyter kernels for your preexisting environments by following Step 4 above from within the active environment.
- If you need to use custom kernels that are in a location other than
/home/$USER/.local/share/jupyter(for example, if your research team has a group installation of Anaconda environments located in
/pl/active/<some_env>), you can create a file in your home directory named
~/.jupyterrccontaining the following line:
If you need assistance creating or installing environments or Jupyter kernels, contact us at email@example.com.
Using Dask to spawn multi-core jobs from CURC JupyterHub¶
Dask is a flexible library for parallel computing in Python. Documentation for using Dask on RC JupyterHub is forthcoming. In the meantime, if you need help integrating Dask with Slurm so that you can run multicore jobs on the CURC JupyterHub, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Jupyter notebook servers spawned on RC compute resources log to
~/.jupyterhub-spawner.log. Watching the contents of this file provides useful information regarding any problems encountered during notebook startup or execution.